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Cart and Checkout – Handling scripts, styles, and data

The problem

You are an extension developer, and to allow users to interact with your extension on the client-side, you have written some CSS and JavaScript that you would like to be included on the page. Your JavaScript also relies on some server-side data, and you’d like this to be available to your scripts.

The solution

You may use the IntegrationRegistry to register an IntegrationInterface this will be a class that will handle the enqueuing of scripts, styles, and data. You may have a different IntegrationInterface for each block (Mini-Cart, Cart and Checkout), or you may use the same one, it is entirely dependent on your use case.

You should use the hooks: woocommerce_blocks_mini-cart_block_registration. woocommerce_blocks_cart_block_registration and woocommerce_blocks_checkout_block_registration. These hooks pass an instance of IntegrationRegistry to the callback.

You may then use the register method on this object to register your IntegrationInterface.

IntegrationInterface methods

To begin, we’ll need to create our integration class, our IntegrationInterface. This will be a class that implements WooCommerce Blocks’ interface named IntegrationInterface.

In this section, we will step through the interface’s members and discuss what they are used for.

get_name()

This is the IntegrationInterface‘s way of namespacing your integration. The name chosen here should be unique to your extension. This method should return a string.

initialize()

This is where any setup, or initialization for your integration should be placed. For example, you could register the scripts and styles your extension needs here. This method should not return anything.

get_script_handles()

This is where the handles of any scripts you want to be enqueued on the client-side in the frontend context should be placed. This method should return an array of strings.

get_editor_script_handles()

This is where the handles of any scripts you want to be enqueued on the client-side in the editor context should be placed. This method should return an array of strings.

get_script_data()

This is where you can set values you want to be available to your scripts on the frontend. This method should return an associative array, the keys of which will be used to get the data using the JavaScript function getSetting.

The keys and values of this array should all be serializable.

Usage example

Let’s suppose we’re the author of an extension: WooCommerce Example Plugin. We want to enqueue scripts, styles, and data on the frontend when either the Mini-Cart, Cart or Checkout blocks are being used.

We also want some data from a server-side function to be available to our front-end scripts.

You will notice that in the example below, we reference the /build/index.asset.php file. This is created by the DependencyExtractionWebpackPlugin which creates a PHP file mapping the dependencies of your client-side scripts, so that they can be added in the dependencies array of wp_register_script.

Let’s create our IntegrationInterface.

		 array(),
				'version'      => $this->get_file_version( $script_path ),
			);

		wp_enqueue_style(
			'wc-blocks-integration',
			$style_url,
			[],
			$this->get_file_version( $style_path )
		);

		wp_register_script(
			'wc-blocks-integration',
			$script_url,
			$script_asset['dependencies'],
			$script_asset['version'],
			true
		);
		wp_set_script_translations(
			'wc-blocks-integration',
			'woocommerce-example-plugin',
			dirname( \WooCommerce_Example_Plugin_Assets::$plugin_file ) . '/languages'
		);
	}

	/**
	 * Returns an array of script handles to enqueue in the frontend context.
	 *
	 * @return string[]
	 */
	public function get_script_handles() {
		return array( 'wc-blocks-integration' );
	}

	/**
	 * Returns an array of script handles to enqueue in the editor context.
	 *
	 * @return string[]
	 */
	public function get_editor_script_handles() {
		return array( 'wc-blocks-integration' );
	}

	/**
	 * An array of key, value pairs of data made available to the block on the client side.
	 *
	 * @return array
	 */
	public function get_script_data() {
	    $woocommerce_example_plugin_data = some_expensive_serverside_function();
	    return [
	        'expensive_data_calculation' => $woocommerce_example_plugin_data
        ];
	}

	/**
	 * Get the file modified time as a cache buster if we're in dev mode.
	 *
	 * @param string $file Local path to the file.
	 * @return string The cache buster value to use for the given file.
	 */
	protected function get_file_version( $file ) {
		if ( defined( 'SCRIPT_DEBUG' ) && SCRIPT_DEBUG && file_exists( $file ) ) {
			return filemtime( $file );
		}

		// As above, let's assume that WooCommerce_Example_Plugin_Assets::VERSION resolves to some versioning number our
		// extension uses.
		return \WooCommerce_Example_Plugin_Assets::VERSION;
	}
}

	

As mentioned, we will need register our IntegrationInterface with WooCommerce Blocks, as we want our scripts to be included when either the Mini-Cart, Cart or Checkout is used, we need to register callbacks for three actions.

		add_action(
    'woocommerce_blocks_mini-cart_block_registration',
    function( $integration_registry ) {
        $integration_registry->register( new WooCommerce_Example_Plugin_Integration() );
    }
);
add_action(
    'woocommerce_blocks_cart_block_registration',
    function( $integration_registry ) {
        $integration_registry->register( new WooCommerce_Example_Plugin_Integration() );
    }
);
add_action(
    'woocommerce_blocks_checkout_block_registration',
    function( $integration_registry ) {
        $integration_registry->register( new WooCommerce_Example_Plugin_Integration() );
    }
);

	

Now, when we load a page containing either block, we should see the scripts we registered in initialize being loaded!

Getting data added in get_script_data

We associated some data with the extension in the get_script_data method of our interface, we need to know how to get this!

In the @woocommerce/settings package there is a method you can import called getSetting. This method accepts a string. The name of the setting containing the data added in get_script_data is the name of your integration (i.e. the value returned by get_name) suffixed with _data. In our example it would be: woocommerce-example-plugin_data.

The value returned here is a plain old JavaScript object, keyed by the keys of the array returned by get_script_data, the values will serialized.

Last updated: July 10, 2024