The Cart and Checkout blocks are still in early access (via the feature plugin) and it’s expected that some existing Woo Extensions that integrate with the current checkout flow in WooCommerce core will not work with the Cart and Checkout blocks.
We keep a list of the supported extensions; outside of the extensions on this list, it’s up to third-party developers to add support for the new checkout flow offered via the Cart and Checkout blocks.
With that in mind, this post has been written to offer third-party developers a tour through the available extensibility interfaces they can use to extend the Cart and Checkout blocks functionality for integrating their products.
A look at Our Main Architecture
From a merchant perspective, the Cart and Checkout blocks are parent blocks, with a collection of inner blocks: core and user-defined blocks. The parent blocks handle the framework part: initializing state, fetching data, sharing data between inner blocks, and processing orders. The inner blocks are responsible for rendering a section of the Cart of Checkout block, and communicating changes that happen at their level up to the corresponding parent block.
Despite the flexibility of the blocks, the architecture of the parent blocks is not decoupled and it won’t be possible to take a core inner block and replace it with a third-party block. Furthermore, to ensure an optimal checkout experience, we lock these core blocks, meaning a merchant can’t just delete or move a section because it could jeopardize the checkout experience (and the higher conversion rates we are seeing with the current structure).
For data, the Cart and Checkout blocks rely on the WooCommerce Store API to interact with the WooCommerce store. This data is fetched from the server and displayed in the blocks. The data is updated as a result of shopper interactions with the blocks.
During our efforts to help merchants to customize checkout flows we were able to identify, build, and validate extensibility interfaces. This section documents the available extensibility interfaces:
Extensibility on the Front-End Side
- Adding custom content to the Cart & Checkout blocks
- Modifying existing Cart and Checkout fields
- Exposing your data in the Store API
- Payment gateways
Adding Custom Content to the Cart & Checkout Blocks
Checkout – Blocks Registry
When it comes to customizing the content of the Cart and Checkout blocks, adding custom inner blocks is the main and recommended way. You can create custom blocks that can be inserted automatically or optionally, moved or locked to a place, can be edited, and have attributes and settings, just as the core inner blocks.
For information about creating and configuring an inner block see our documentation on GitHub:
Slot and Fill
Another tool for adding your custom content in specific places in the Cart and Checkout blocks is Slot and Fill. It gives you the possibility to render your own HTML in pre-defined places in the Cart and Checkout blocks. Your component will get access to contextual data and will get re-rendered when needed.
ExperimentalOrderMeta Slot Example
This Slot renders below the Checkout summary section and above the “Proceed to Checkout” button in the Cart.
ExperimentalOrderShippingPackages Slot Example
This slot renders inside the shipping step of Checkout and inside the shipping options in Cart.
ExperimentalDiscountsMeta Slot Example
This slot renders below the Coupon code input.
Read more about Slot and Fill on our GitHub documentation files:
Modifying existing Cart and Checkout Block Fields
Checkout JS filters
We have implemented a Filter registry that allows callbacks to be registered to manipulate certain values in the Cart and Checkout blocks. This is similar to the traditional filter system in WordPress, where you register a callback with a specific filter and return a modified value.
We offer a variety of filters to extend the way certain strings are displayed:
Changing the wording of the Totals label in the Cart and Checkout blocks using the Totals footer item filter:
Changing the name of a coupon using the Coupons Filter filter:
Changing the format of the item’s single price with a custom filter:
For a full overview head to our GitHub documentation:
Exposing Your Data in the Store API
When you are extending the Cart and Checkout blocks you might need to access some custom, business-related logic. If you don’t want to create your own endpoints you can append your data to the WooCommerce Store API using ExtendRestApi.
ExtendRestApi offers the possibility to add contextual custom data to the
wc/store/cart/items endpoints. The data, which will live under the
extensions key, is namespaced to your plugin and protected from other plugins causing it to malfunction. The data is available on all Frontend filters and Slot and Fill for you to consume.
For information about handling GET and POST requests see our GitHub documentation:
Extensibility on the Payment gateways side has been one of our most important focuses and we have been writing about it in the past.
The Payment Method API
We offer an extensive Payment Method API for you to integrate a payment gateway or an express payment gateway like WooCommerce Pay, Stripe, Paypal, Square.
Filtering Payment Methods
Separate from the Payment API, you can also filter out payment methods. For the cases where some payment gateways don’t fit your product type (for example subscriptions, bookings, etc.) or you want to add special conditions to certain payment gateways we offer two APIs:
- To filter targeted and individual payment gateways, use registerPaymentMethodExtensionCallbacks
- To filter all payments gateways that don’t support a certain feature, use register_payment_requirements, currently undocumented, but this is a demo of how to use it.
Extensibility on the Server Side ( Hooks )
There are also some PHP action and filter hooks provided for extending various aspects of checkout behaviour on the server. Keep in mind that it’s generally preferable to use extension interfaces like the IntegrationRegistry instead of filters and actions as they provide a more stable way to integrate. However, these filters and actions still allow for some more flexibility in complex integrations.
For more details please head to our GitHub documentation:
We are here for you
We aren’t done with building extension interfaces and we invite you to peek into the WooCommerce Blocks Roadmap for some insight into our plans for the blocks.We encourage you to start experimenting and trying out integrating your extensions. Our engineers will be available for technical guidance on any questions that might arise, so feel free to create issues in the Woo Blocks repository if you are having difficulty integrating your extension with the available Woo Blocks integration points.